Teaching Strategies

Community Inquiry

Nurture students' speaking and listening skills with strategies that ask them to draw upon texts during meaningfuland respectfulclassroom discussions.

18 TEACHING STRATEGIES

Affirmation Interview

During Affirmation Interview, students practice verbal and non-verbal communication in the roles of “interviewer” and “interviewee.”
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RL.3-5.1, RI.3-5.1, SL.3-5.1

Artifact Add-ons

Artifact Add-on asks students to select and share real-life objects that illustrate concepts and ideas from the central text.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RL.3-5.1, RI.3-5.1, RL.3-5.2, RI.3-5.2, RL.3-5.3, RI.3-5.3, SL.3-5.1, SL.3-5.2 SL.3-5.4, SL.3-5.5, SL.3-5.6

Brain Share

During Brain Share, small groups of students rotate through stations, discussing and recording concepts from central texts. This strategy is a modified combination of gallery walks and jigsaw.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RF.3-5.4, RL.3-5.1, RI.3-5.1, RL.3-5.2, RI.3-5.2, SL.3-5.1, SL.3-5.2

Critical Listening Guide

A guide to help students interpret, analyze and evaluate information encountered in a variety of media formats. Use this guide with the spoken and performed texts included in the Perspectives anthology.
Grade Level
CCSS
RL.6-12.1, RL.6-12.2, RL.6-12.4, RL.6-12.6, RL.6-12.7, RL.6-12.8, RI.6-12.1, RI.6-12.2, RI.6-12.4, RI.6-12.6, RI.6-12.7, RI.6-12.8, SL.6-12.1, SL.6-12.2, SL.6-12.3

Fishbowl

Fishbowl is a strategy for organizing medium- to large-group discussions. Students are separated into an inner and outer circle. In the inner circle, or fishbowl, students have a discussion; students in the outer circle listen to the discussion and take notes.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RL.3-5.1, RI.3-5.1, SL.3-5.1, SL.3-5.2, SL.3-5.6

Four Perspectives

A strategy to introduce the anti-bias framework into group discussion and textual analysis. Students respond to and pose questions from the four anti-bias domains: identity, diversity, justice and action.
Grade Level
CCSS
RL.6-12.1, RI.6-12.1, SL.6-12.1, SL.6-12.4, SL.6-12.6

Lifting the Text

Students choose an important sentence or phrase from the central text and participate in a structured class discussion about the “lifted” text.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RL.3-5.1, RI.3-5.1, SL.3-5.1, SL.3-5.4, SL.3-5.6

Readers' Theater

During a readers’ theater, two or more students dramatize a text by reading expressively.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RF.3-5.4, RL.3-5.3, RI.3-5.3, SL.3-5.6

Save the Last Word for Me (3-5)

Save the Last Word for Me is a comprehension strategy that builds speaking and listening skills by structuring a text-based discussion for students. Students highlight two to three of the most important sentences of the central text, then discuss their text-based responses in small groups.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RL.3-5.2, RI.3-5.2, SL.3-5.1

Save the Last Word for Me (6-8, 9-12)

A comprehension strategy that builds speaking and listening skills through structured text-based discussion. Students record sentences from a text and then discuss their responses in small groups.
Grade Level
CCSS
RL.6-12.1, RL.6-12.2, RL.6-12.4, RL.6-12.6, RI.6-12.1, RI.6-12.2, RI.6-12.4, RI.6-12.6, SL.6-12.1, SL.6-12.2, SL.6-12.6

Say Something

A comprehension strategy during which student take turns reading aloud to each other, stopping occasionally to comment on the text.
Grade Level
CCSS
RL.6-12.1, RL.6-12.2, RI.6-12.1, RI.6-12.2, SL.6-12.1, SL.6-12.2, SL.6-12.6

Socratic Seminar

A structured discussion in which students examine issues and respond to open-ended questions about a text. Students use dialogue rather than debate to communicate with each other.
Grade Level
CCSS
RL.6-12.1, RI.6-12.1, SL.6-12.1, SL.6-12.3, SL.6-12.4, SL.6-12.6

Text Talk Time (3-5)

Text Talk Time is a whole class discussion that facilitates rich dialogue, active listening and use of textual evidence.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RL.3-5.1, RI.3-5.1, RL.3-5.2, RI.3-5.2, RL.3-5.3, RI.3-5.3, RL.3-5.4, RI.3-5.4, RL.3-5.5, RI.3-5.5, SL.3-5.1

Text Talk Time (6-8, 9-12)

A whole class discussion structured to facilitate rich dialogue, active listening and use of textual evidence.
Grade Level
CCSS
RL.6-12.1, RL.6-12.2, RL.6-12.4, RL.6-12.5, R.L.6-12.6, RI.6-12.1, RI.6-12.2, RI.6-12.4, RI.6-12.5, RI.6-12.6, SL.6-12.1, SL.6-12.3, SL.6-12.6

Text Treasure Hunt

Student teams look for clues and respond to questions that help them identify details, organization, inferences and comparisons in the central text.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RF.3-5.4, RL.3-5.1, RI.3-5.1, SL.3-5.1, SL.3-5.6

Text-based Fishbowl

A strategy for organizing medium- to large-group discussions. Students are separated into an inner and outer circle. In the inner circle, or fishbowl, students have a text-based discussion; students in the outer circle listen to the discussion and take notes.
Grade Level
CCSS
RL.6-12.1, RL.6-12.3, RI.6-12.1, RI.6-12.3, SL.6-12.1, SL.6-12.6

Value Lines

Students take a stance on a topic related to the central text and listen while classmates explain their stances.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RL.3-5.1, RI.3-5.1, SL.3-5.1, SL.3-5.3, SL.3-5.6

What Would They Say

A discussion strategy that asks students to infer how a particular author or character from a text would respond to questions and scenarios. Students must defend their conclusions using evidence from the text.
Grade Level
CCSS
RL.6-12.1, RI.6-12.1, SL.6-12.1, SL.6-12.3, SL.6-12.4, SL.6-12.6