ARTICLE

Never Forget

At least 165 people have died in K–12 school shootings since April 20, 1999. Today, we honor their memories.
Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images

Since February 14, 2018, the United States has been in a tense and emotional national conversation about how to prevent gun violence in schools. The youth movement surrounding the need for better gun-control laws and mental health care—already well established in many parts of the country—has grown in numbers and in visibility. 

We applaud the actions of young people who have taken and are taking steps to ensure they have a say in their future. But even as we feel hopeful about the passion, energy and idealism of today’s students, we can’t forget the students who will never have a future. 

These young people will never graduate, never embark on educations or careers or futures of their own. They died in our schools and on our watch. We know these facts weigh heavily on the Teaching Tolerance community of educators. 

We honor the memories of those killed in shootings at K–12 schools (or elsewhere by school shooters), including and since Columbine; we honor them by sharing their names. We chose Columbine as the starting point because it marked a national shift in the way schools approach campus safety. This list serves to keep our collective memory of these victims alive, but it also reminds us all of the terrible human cost of gun violence; the terrible cost of insufficient support for troubled young people; and the terrible cost of our national complacency. 

In Memoriam

A group of young people with arms around one another look over fence at school
Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School on February 18, 2018 in Parkland, Florida. Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images

Counting Every Victim

When we decided to pay tribute to student victims beginning with Columbine we went looking for a list of names. To our surprise, we found no central repository for data on school shootings. The U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics does not track this information, nor could we find any school-specific lists published by groups that track violent crime. 

The memorial felt too important to abandon, so we decided to create our own list.

We began by reviewing a Wikipedia page on the history of school shootings, fact-checked the list using research done previously by groups like Everytown for Gun Safety, and then went searching through reliably sourced news archives for the names associated with each shooting. In addition to victims’ names and ages, we collected additional data, such as the relationship of the shooter to the school and the type of weapon used. The list we released today includes the names of everyone we could identify who died in a shooting incident on school property, including school staff members, family members, and victims not on school property but who were killed by the same gunman before or after the incident. Because this data is, by its nature, imperfect, we would be happy to answer questions about our criteria and methods. And, because this data should be accessible to everyone, we will make it available upon request.  

Other teams are also looking at data to try to better understand the scale of the devastation caused by school shootings. John Jay College, the University of Texas at Dallas and Michigan State University have embarked on a project to create a national, open-source database to track school shootings. The Washington Post recently published an analysis of how many students have been exposed to gun violence since Columbine. Their findings: “187,000 students attending at least 193 primary or secondary schools have experienced a shooting on campus during school hours.” 

The trauma associated with experiencing a school shooting is rarely discussed, but must be considered when assessing the damage to our future. Children who experience trauma may be more susceptible to depression, anxiety and substance abuse and may even experience post-traumatic stress disorder. The Post also found that, while the media tends to focus on shootings at predominantly white schools, “children of color are far more likely to experience campus gun violence—nearly twice as much for Hispanic students and three times as much for black students.” 

 

Looking Ahead

In the last two decades, school shootings—and mass shootings in other public venues—have become far too commonplace. We cannot accept this as a price of modern life. The cost may be incalculable, but it is undeniably too high. 

As we look ahead, we must not only ask how we can prevent more school shootings, but we must also remember the survivors, count the victims and keep their names front and center. If we don’t, we risk becoming numb to these unnecessary losses. While we certainly hope another school shooting never occurs, we stand ready to update this article and repost it in the event that this list of names grows. 

We must not only say, “Never again,” but we must also never forget.

 

In Memoriam

1999

April 20 | Columbine High School

Cassie Bernall

Steve Curnow

Cory DePooter

Kelly Fleming

Matthew Kechter

Daniel Mauser

Daniel Rohrbough

Rachel Scott

Isaiah Shoels

John Tomlin

Lauren Townsend

Kyle Velasquez

William "Dave" Sanders 

 

November 19 | Deming Middle School

Araceli Tena

2000

February 29 | Buell Elementary School

Kayla Rolland

 

May 26 | Lake Worth Middle School

Barry Grunow

2001

March 5 | Santana High School

Randy Gordon

Bryan Zuckor

 

March 30 | Lew Wallace High School

Neal Boyd IV

2002

February 20 | Washington High School

Joseph Johnson Jr. 

2003

April 14 | John McDonogh High School

Jonathan Williams

 

April 24 | Red Lion Area Junior High School

Eugene Segro

 

September 24 | Rocori High School

Seth Bartell

Aaron Rollins

2004

February 2 | Ballou High School

James Richardson

2005

March 2 | Cumberland City, Tennessee

Joyce Gregory

 

March 21 | Red Lake Senior High School

Derrick Brun

Dewayne Lewis

Chase Lussier

Daryl Lussier

Neva J. Rogers

Chanelle Rosebear

Michelle Sigana

Thurlene Stillday

Alicia White

 

November 8 | Campbell County High School

Ken Bruce

2006

August 24 | Essex Elementary School

Linda Lambesis

Mary Alicia Shanks

 

August 30 | Orange High School

Rafael Castillo

 

September 27 | Platte Canyon High School

Emily Keyes

 

September 29 | Weston High School

John Klang

 

October 2 | West Nickel Mines School

Naomi Rose Ebersol

Marian Stoltzfus Fisher

Lena Zook Miller

Mary Liz Miller

Anna Mae Stoltzfus

2007

January 3 | Henry Foss High School

Samnang Kok

2008

February 12 | E.O. Green Junior High School

Lawrence "Larry" King

 

August 14 | Lakota Middle School

Omero Mendez

 

August 21 | Central High School

Ryan McDonald

 

October 16 | Henry Ford High School

Christopher Walker

 

November 12 | Dillard High School

Amanda Collette

2010

February 5 | Discovery Middle School

Todd Brown

 

October 1 | Alisal High School

Jose Daniel Cisneros

2011

January 5 | Millard South High School

Vicki Kaspar

 

March 30 | Worthing High School

Tremaine De Ante' Paul

2012

February 27 | Chardon High School

Demetrius Hewlin

Russell King Jr. 

Daniel Parmertor

 

December 14 | Sandy Hook Elementary School

Charlotte Bacon

Daniel Barden

Rachel D'Avino

Olivia Engel

Josephine Gay

Dawn Hochsprung

Dylan Hockley

Madeleine Hsu

Catherine Hubbard

Chase Kowalski

Nancy Lanza

Jesse Lewis

Ana Márquez-Greene

James Mattioli

Grace McDonnell

Anne Marie Murphy

Emilie Parker

Jack Pinto

Noah Pozner

Caroline Previdi

Jessica Rekos

Avielle Richman

Lauren Rousseau

Mary Sherlach

Victoria Leigh Soto

Benjamin Wheeler

Allison Wyatt

 

March 6 | Episcopal School of Jacksonville

Dale Regan

 

October 19 | Banner Academy South High School

Terrance Wright

2013

January 7 | Apostolic Revival Center Christian School

Kristopher Smith

 

August 23 | North Panola High School

Roderick Bobo

 

October 21 | Sparks Middle School

Michael Landsberry

 

December 13 | Arapahoe High School

Claire Davis

2014

April 11 | East English Village Preparatory Academy

Darryl Smith

 

April 21 | St. Mary Catholic School

Nina Castro

 

June 10 | Reynolds High School

Emilio Hoffman

 

August 14 | Saunders Elementary School

John A. Nieves Jr.

Bryant Wilder Jr.

 

October 3 | Langston Hughes High School

Kristofer Hunter

 

October 24 | Marysville Pilchuck High School

Shaylee Chuckulnaskit

Andrew Fryberg

Zoe Galasso

Gia Soriano

 

November 20 | Miami Carol City High School

Khambrel Manning

2015

February 15 | Tenaya Middle School

Benito Aguirre

 

November 20 | Mojave High School

Taylor Brantley

2016

February 12 | Independence High School

May Kieu

 

June 8 | Jeremiah Burke High School

Raekwon Brown

 

September 28 | Townville Elementary School

Jacob Hall

Jeffrey Osborne

2017

April 10 | North Park Elementary School

Karen Elaine Smith

Jonathan Martinez

 

September 13 | Freeman High School

Sam Strahan

 

November 14 | Rancho Tehama Elementary School

Danny Lee Elliot

Barbara Ann Gilsan

Michelle Iris McFadyen

Joseph Edward McHugh III

Diana Lee Steele

 

December 7 | Aztec High School

Francisco "Paco" Fernandez Jr.

Casey Jordan

2018

January 23 | Marshall County High School

Preston Ryan Cope

Bailey Nicole Holt

 

January 31 | Lincoln High School

Ralph Kennedy

 

February 14 | Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School

Alyssa Alhadeff

Martin Duque Anguiano

Scott Beigel

Nicholas Dworet

Aaron Feis

Jaime Guttenberg

Chris Hixon

Luke Hoyer

Cara Loughran

Gina Montalto

Joaquin Oliver

Alaina Petty

Meadow Pollack

Helena Ramsay

Alex Schachter

Carmen Schentrup

Peter Wang

 

March 7 | Huffman High School

Courtlin Arrington

 

March 20 | Great Mills High School

Jaelynn Willey

 

May 18 | Santa Fe High School

Jared Black

Shana Fisher

Christian Riley Garcia

Aaron Kyle McLeod

Glenda Ann Perkins

Angelique Ramirez

Sabika Sheikh

Christopher Jake Stone

Cynthia Tisdale

Kimberly Vaughan

 

May 18 | Mount Zion High School

The name of this victim has not yet been released.

 

June 16 | Grant High School

Barak Rosen

 

July 12 | Milkovich Middle School

Darnez Canion

 

August 3 | Edgewood High School

Thaliek Jacob Willis

 

August 9 | Lakeview Middle School

Joseph Jones

 

August 24 | Raines High School

Joerod Adams

 

September 5 | Providence Career and Technical Academy

William Parsons

 

September 11 | Canyon Springs High School

Dalvin Brown

 

September 14 | McGavock High School

Brandon Adams

 

October 29 | David W. Butler High School

Bobby McKeithen

 

November 4 | Crums Lane Elementary School

Chase Haskins

 

November 22 | Mount Rainier High School

Leuea Loto

 

November 22 | Skyline High School

Felipe Hernandez

 

2019

January 7 | Belmont Elementary School

Mohammad Othman

 

January 11 | Cascade Middle School

Charles Landeros

 

… and all the victims who may remain unnamed.