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Freedom's Main Line

One of the earliest assaults on segregated transit in the South occurred in Louisville, Ky., in 1870-71. There, the city’s black community organized a successful protest that relied on nonviolent direct action, a tactic that would give shape to the modern civil rights movement nearly a century later.
Grade Level
Maria Fleming
Subject
Civics
History
Social Justice Domain
TEXT
Informational

Home Was a Horse Stall

On December 7, 1941 Japan attacked Pearl Harbor and prompted the United States to enter World War II. While many Americans were concerned about the war abroad, they were also paranoid about the “threat” of Japanese Americans at home. As a result, many Japanese Americans were forced into internment camps on American soil.
Grade Level
Teaching Tolerance Staff
Subject
Civics
History
Geography
Social Justice Domain
TEXT
Informational

“We Lived in a Bubble”

Elizabeth MacQueen is the sculptor of Four Spirits, a monument built to memorialize the four girls killed in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church. In her memoir, she discusses how the project revealed to her how sheltered she had been as a child growing up in Birmingham.
Grade Level
Elizabeth MacQueen
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Race Matters

Adam Liptak details a recent affirmative action case before the U.S. Supreme Court. He also looks at affirmative action's history, the debates around the policy and considers possible effects of the Court's ruling.
Grade Level
Adam Liptak
Subject
Civics
History
Social Justice Domain
TEXT
Informational

The First Americans

The Grand Council Fire of American Indians wrote this letter in response to the Chicago mayor's 1927 campaign against the use of British textbooks in public schools. The letter condemns the misrepresentation of Native American history in schools.
Grade Level
6-8
The Grand Council Fire of American Indians
Subject
Civics
History
Social Justice Domain
TEXT
Informational

Choices

This essay places side by side the historical oppression of African Americans in the South and the recent surge of African Americans moving back to the South of their own free will. In her discussion, Maya Angelou questions why such choices are considered remarkable.
Grade Level
Maya Angelou
Subject
History
Geography
Social Justice Domain