Teaching Strategies

Word Work

These vocabulary strategies help students build their comprehension and language skills by using key words from Perspectives texts in their own reading, writing, speaking and listening.

20 TEACHING STRATEGIES

Concept Sort

A concept sort is a comprehension strategy in which students sort new vocabulary into categories.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
L.3-5.4, L.3-5.5, L.3-5.6

Four-Fold Vocabulary

Interactive “foldables” help students learn new vocabulary through defining, illustrating and using words in sentences.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
L.3-5.4, L.3-5.6

Guess the Covered Word

Guess the Covered Word challenges students’ vocabularies and reading comprehension by requiring them to deduce words redacted from a text.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RL.3-5.4, RI.3-5.4, RF.3-5.4, L.3-5.4

Illustrated Vocabulary

In this visual strategy, students divide vocabulary words into parts and draw illustrations to represent the separate meaning of each part.
Grade Level
CCSS
L.6-12.4, L.6-12.6

Making Words

Making Words is a hands-on activity in which students learn how adding and moving letters can create new words.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RL.3-5.4, RI.3-5.4, L.3-5.4

Meaning-Making Paragraphs

Students learn the meaning of vocabulary words by writing the word in multiple ways. Students write guided paragraphs about words from the central text then share their writing with peers.
Grade Level
CCSS
L.6-12.5, L.6-12.6

Meet New Vocabulary

Meet New Vocabulary uses a graphic organizer to help students acquire new vocabulary while reading. This strategy is most effective when teaching challenging, domain-specific words (Tier Three).
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RL.3-5.4, RI.3-5.4, RF.3-5.4, L.3-5.4, L.3-5.6

My Pile, Your Pile

My Pile, Your Pile is an interactive word game that increases students’ Tier Two and Tier Three vocabularies.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
L.3-5.4, L.3-5.6

Personal Picture Dictionary

A personal picture dictionary is an individual vocabulary and spelling resource students make themselves.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RI.3-5.4, RL.3-5.4, RF.3-5.4, L.3-5.4, L.3-5.5, L.3-5.6

Traits Matrix

In this semantic feature analysis strategy, students use a grid to show how vocabulary words relate to one another and to conceptual frameworks (e.g., masculine versus feminine).
Grade Level
CCSS
L.6-12.4, L.6-12.5, L.6-12.6

Vocabulary Frames

Students use this tool to identify a word’s meaning, its parts and its opposite. After organizing the information on an illustrated flashcard, students practice using the word in a sentence.
Grade Level
CCSS
L.6-12.4, L.6-12.6

Vocabulary Prediction Chart

Students predict the meanings of vocabulary words before reading and confirm the accuracy of their predictions during and after reading. Students identify context clues from the text and revise their definitions accordingly.
Grade Level
CCSS
L.6-12.4, L.6-12.6

Vocabulary Rounds

This contextual redefinition strategy encourages students to use the structure and context of words to predict their meanings. Students arrive at the definition through exposure to increasingly rich clues.
Grade Level
CCSS
L.6-12.4, L.6-12.6

Vocabulary Tableaux

A tableau is a representation of a scene or picture by people posing silently without moving. In a vocabulary tableau, a group of students use their bodies to create a frozen picture of a vocabulary word.
Grade Level
CCSS
L.6-12.4, L.6-12.6

Word Cheering

In word cheering, students sing, chant and move to the components of new words.
Grade Level
3-5

Word Wall

A word wall is an organized display of vocabulary words drawn from central texts students are reading.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
L.3-5.4, L.3-5.5, L.3-5.6

Word Wall

A word wall is an organized display of vocabulary words drawn from the texts students are reading.
Grade Level
CCSS
L.6-12.4, L.6-12.5, L.6-12.6

Word Web

Word webs are mind maps that promote active learning and help students develop higher-order thinking skills. Students map their thinking in a graphic organizer based on a Frayer model.
Grade Level
3-5
CCSS
RL.3-5.4, RI.3-5.4, L.3-5.4, L.3-5.5, L.3-5.6

Word Wheel

Students use a concept map to organize their vocabulary learning. This tool requires students to define words, find examples, draw on prior knowledge and connect related concepts.
Grade Level
CCSS
L.6-12.4, L.6-12.5, L.6-12.6